Chenzhao Guo

Big Data Engineer, Intel

Chenzhao Guo is a big data engineer at Intel. He graduated from Zhejiang University and joined Intel in 2016. He is currently a contributor of Spark, OAP and HiBench.

Past sessions

Summit Europe 2019 Improving Apache Spark by Taking Advantage of Disaggregated Architecture

October 15, 2019 05:00 PM PT

Shuffle in Apache Spark is an intermediate phrase redistributing data across computing units, which has one important primitive that the shuffle data is persisted on local disks. This architecture suffers from some scalability and reliability issues. Moreover, the assumptions of collocated storage do not always hold in today's data centers. The hardware trend is moving to disaggregated storage and compute architecture for better cost efficiency and scalability.

To address the issues of Spark shuffle and support disaggregated storage and compute architecture, we implemented a new remote Spark shuffle manager. This new architecture writes shuffle data to a remote cluster with different Hadoop-compatible filesystem backends.

Firstly, the failure of compute nodes will no longer cause shuffle data recomputation. Spark executors can also be allocated and recycled dynamically which results in better resource utilization.

Secondly, for most customers currently running Spark with collocated storage, it is usually challenging for them to upgrade the disks on every node to latest hardware like NVMe SSD and persistent memory because of cost consideration and system compatibility. With this new shuffle manager, they are free to build a separated cluster storing and serving the shuffle data, leveraging the latest hardware to improve the performance and reliability.

Thirdly, in HPC world, more customers are trying Spark as their high performance data analytics tools, while storage and compute in HPC clusters are typically disaggregated. This work will make their life easier.

In this talk, we will present an overview of the issues of the current Spark shuffle implementation, the design of new remote shuffle manager, and a performance study of the work.

Spark SQL is a very effective distributed SQL engine for OLAP and widely adopted in Baidu production for many internal BI projects. However, Baidu has also been facing many challenges for large scale including tuning the shuffle parallelism for thousands of jobs, inefficient execution plan, and handling data skew. In this talk, we will explore Intel and Baidu's joint efforts to address challenges in large scale and offer an overview of an adaptive execution mode we implemented for Baidu's Big SQL platform which is based on Spark SQL. At runtime, adaptive execution can change the execution plan to use a better join strategy and handle skewed join automatically. It can also change the number of reducer to better fit the data scale. In general, adaptive execution decreases the effort involved in tuning SQL query parameters and improves the execution performance by choosing a better execution plan and parallelism at runtime.

We'll also share our experience of using adaptive execution in Baidu's production cluster with thousands of server, where adaptive execution helps to improve the performance of some complex queries by 200%. After further analysis we found that several special scenarios in Baidu data analysis can benefit from the optimization of choosing better join type. We got 2x performance improvement in the scenario where the user wanted to analysis 1000+ advertisers' cost from both web and mobile side and each side has a full information table with 10 TB parquet file per-day. Now we are writing probe jobs to detect more scenarios from current daily jobs of our users. We are also considering to expose the strategy interface based on the detailed metrics collected form adaptive execution mode for the upper users.

Session hashtag: #SAISEco12